Gaming the Iron Curtain offers the first book-length social history of gaming and game design in 1980s Czechoslovakia, or anywhere in the Soviet bloc. It describes how Czechoslovak hobbyists imported their computers, built DIY peripherals, and discovered games as a medium, using them not only for entertainment but also as a means of self-expression.
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What readers think

“Jaroslav Švelch’s Gaming the Iron Curtain is a compelling demonstration of the possibilities of writing histories of gaming that are bottom up and from the margins, moving beyond industry-based histories toward a focus on social, cultural, and political histories. A lively and vivid account of how gaming cultures emerged in Cold War Czechoslovakia, Švelch describes the emergence of an ‘informal’ economy where would-be gamers smuggled hardware, hacked and reprogrammed games, jury-rigged their own joysticks from everyday materials, and circulated titles through grassroots networks. […] This book will interest not only games scholars but anyone who wants to better understand how people made do within the Soviet bloc.”

Henry Jenkins, University of Southern California

“At once necessary and original, disciplined and deliberately disorienting, informative and crackling with gamer intelligence, Gaming the Iron Curtain expertly guides the reader through the peripheral thickets of gaming subcultures in Czechoslovak hobby computing in the 1980s. Švelch sketches the political complexities of Czechoslovak computing cultures and uncovers how unknown Central European homebrewers dreamt up new meanings of ‘Hello, world!’ in the Soviet bloc. A welcomed and pioneering work.”

Benjamin Peters, author of How Not to Network a Nation: The Uneasy History of the Soviet Internet

“This fascinating book introduces the reader to the undiscovered lives of microcomputing and gaming communities in 1980s Czechoslovakia. For the first time, Švelch draws up the history of hobbyist gaming clubs that worked under the radar of party authorities. This thoroughly researched and enjoyably delivered story is woven into a tapestry of dynamic changes in politics, technology, foreign trade, agriculture, leisure, and everyday life in a way that will contribute a great deal to a more subtle and less stereotyped image of late socialism.”

Anikó Imre, University of Southern California

“Gaming the Iron Curtain is a surprising addition to the ever-growing body of work on everyday life in the Eastern bloc. Švelch’s fascinating study proves yet again that developments in the West were not without their counterparts in the East. Using a wide range of sources and historiographies, Švelch reveals the hidden world of computers and gaming in late Communist Czechoslovakia.”

Paulina Bren, author of The Greengrocer and His TV: The Culture of Communism after the 1968 Prague Spring

“This extraordinary book on 1980s computing culture provides an unexpectedly vivid window into social relations in late socialism and the dysfunction of Czechoslovakia’s political institutions. Through the memories of early computing enthusiasts and close examination of the ephemera they lovingly saved, Švelch brings to life a lost world of do-it-yourself hobby clubs, early game design, and even homemade computer peripherals that is a welcome addition to the growing field of digital game history and is also a must-read for anyone interested in everyday life in the final decades of European Communism.”

Kimberly Zarecor, author of Manufacturing a Socialist Modernity: Housing in Czechoslovakia, 1945-1960


  Links and archives

Additional reading



Period photos


Period publications

Playable games


Period videos

Opening of the first episode of Computer Dilemmas, Czechoslovak Television’s 1988 program cited in Chapter 1 of the book.

It’s the computer’s turn, a beautifully shot 1985 documentary featuring František Fuka, one of the country’s top homebrewers.

Czechoslovak Television’s report from the 1985 Electronization and Automation Exhibition, featuring Eduard Smutný, one of the top Czechoslovak computer hardware designers.

Lectures and presentations

My keynote speech from the Future and Reality of Gaming 2017 conference, Vienna, entitled We Have Always Been Indie.

My lecture from the World Usability Day Silesia 2017 conference, Katowice, entitled Gaming the Iron Curtain: Activist Computer Games Behind Political and Economic Boundaries.

A presentation from the 2014 Central and Eastern European Game Studies conference about hacking games, developing a topic that made it to Chapter 6 of the book.